Beomeosa Temple & Gamcheon Culture Village
Giro turistico, Culturale, Shopping, Pasto incluso
We will travel to Beomeosa Temple, located in the eastern foothills of Busan’s guardian mountain range. Founded by the great priest Euisang in 678 AD, Beomeosa Temple is located at the edge of Mt. Geumjeongsan, a famous mountain in Busan. It was built around 1,300 years ago by monk Ui Sang in the 18th year (678) of King Munmu's reign (661~681) of the Silla Kingdom (the kingdom mainly occupied the Gyeongsang-do Province in 678 AD). In the 'Donggukyeojiseungram' geography book, the origin of Beomeosa Temple is described as follows:
"There is a well on the top of Mt. Geumjeongsan and the water of that well is gold. The golden fish in the well rode the colourful clouds and came down from the sky. This is why the mountain is named Geumsaem (gold well) and the temple is named 'fish from heaven'."
Gamcheon Culture Village is made up of houses built like a staircase on the foothills of a coastal mountain, earning this village the nickname the "Machu Picchu of Busan". The many alleys cutting through this community are vibrantly decorated with murals and sculptures created by the residents.
Jagalchi Market is Korea's largest seafood market. After the Korean War, the market solidified itself as a fish market. Most of the people who sell fish are women, so the women who sell here are called 'Jagalchi Ajumma,' 'ajumma' meaning middle-aged or married women. This market represents Busan and is famous throughout the country. If you visit it, you can eat fresh raw fish right at the market. Even these days you can see women selling mackerel, sea squirts (ascidians) and whale meat on wooden boxes along the road. The Jagalchi Cultural Tourism Festival is held every year in October, and it is easy to visit because of the convenient transportation provided by the metro. Jagalchi Market is where you can see the lifestyle of the Busan locals.
Gukje Market: After the Korean War, refugees who fled to Busan set up stalls in order to make a living, and this was the beginning of Gukje Market (gukje meaning "international" in Korean). Gukje Market is one of Korea’s largest markets; each alleyway is crowded with stalls, and it connects to Bupyeong Market, Kkangtong Market, and other smaller markets. The market stocks such a wide variety of goods that you can find almost everything you need right here.
Yongdusan Mountain (49 m) in the centre of Busan is one of Busan's three famous mountains. It was originally called Songhyunsan Mountain, which means a mountain with a view of the sea through the dense pine tree forest. Later, the name was changed to Yongdusan, as the mountain peak was shaped similar to a dragon's head (yongdu), protecting the area from foreign invaders attacking from the sea. The mountain held shrines to the mountain gods built by the Japanese before national liberation. Now the mountain is home to a variety of monuments, including Cheokhwabi Monument, Chunghontap Pagoda, the April 19 Revolution Monument, a statue of Admiral Yi Sun-shin, and Busan tower. During the Korean War, displaced people built houses on the sides of the mountain all the way to the summit, but these communities were burned down twice, which also removed all the trees. Since then, substantial efforts to plant trees have created a beautiful park. The park was called Unam park at the time of the Liberal Party’s rule but was renamed Yungdosan park after the April 19 Revolution (1960). The park offers a beautiful view of Busan port and the surrounding scenery.
When we leave the port, we will drive to Gyeongju National Museum, rich in tradition, dating back about 90 years. It shows the history of Gyeongju, which used to be the capital of Silla (57 BC~935 AD). The exhibition hall is divided into 4 large parts: the Main hall, Annex I, Annex II, and the Outdoor Exhibit Area (Museum Grounds). Then we will visit the Daereungwon Tomb Complex (Cheonmachong Tomb). Large ancient tombs of kings and noblemen of the Silla Dynasty can be seen around Gyeongju in the Daereungwon Tomb Complex (Cheonmachong Tomb). The next stop will be Bulguksa Temple. Bulguksa Temple was constructed as a representation of the 'ideal world of Buddha'. Bulguksa Temple has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995. The last stop will be Gyeongju Folk Craft Village. This is a village in the foothills of Toman mountain, in the district of Ha-dong, Gyeongju, in the North Gyeongsang province of South Korea. The village was established in 1986 to preserve and develop crafts in the Silla kingdom. It consists of hanok or traditional Korean houses and roof-tiled houses (giwajip) where artisans of Gyeongju origin live and work. Before we return to the ship, we will have some free time for shopping.
Local typical food is included for lunch.
Cosa c'è da sapere
There is limited availability of English-language guides.